This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that ask you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical additional supply.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that ask you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical additional supply.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy regarding the arguments regarding the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments of this lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation for the two texts. In either case, you will end up producing a vital “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to determine the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are dense and complex, it might be beneficial to develop an overview of this author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main a few ideas” of this lens text, in place of coping with remote quotes which could or is almost certainly not indicative for the author’s argument in general. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly comprehend and that can articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to produce an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do I see basic points of disagreement or agreement involving the two texts? Which for the lens text’s arguments that are main be used towards the target text? It may possibly be much easier to give attention to 1 or 2 for the lens text’s central arguments.

With one of these tips in your mind, return back and browse the target text very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the following concerns: Exactly what are the primary the different parts of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary components when you look at the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances within the target text? Are there any circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page numbers, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses as you read.

Because this variety of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is particularly crucial to possess an obvious strategy before beginning composing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps change the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, common themes, some ideas, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

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As the paper involves the interactions that are complex numerous texts, you will need to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Remember to obviously introduce the lens text and its own arguments that are specific are going to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific occasions you will end up handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or sorts of thesis statement. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of connection you're going to be talking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or theoretical analysis for the target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is where you apply particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances into the target text. In each full instance, remember to talk about exactly just what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or vice versa). Utilize the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the mark text, but remember to be clear about where some ideas when you look at the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the prospective text, your very own interpretation etc.) so that the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this kind of analysis, you're “entering an academic discussion” and inserting your very own tips. Since this might be obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their guide, they do say, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to assist authors take part in unknown kinds of critical scholastic discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical entry way, then discarding them entirely.

Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer for the lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the goal text. Certainly, when you look at the target text, one sees ________, that could be viewed a good example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Therefore, we come across a spot of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In accordance with the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the prospective text could possibly be considered an example of _______. But, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the goal text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, you might expect you'll see ________ in the mark text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord shows that ________. This dilemma is crucial because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

By this time in your essay, you ought to be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals concerning the texts in concerns, or the broader problems the texts address. Remember to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control where you might be composing. Or in other words, the thing that was the idea of performing your analysis into the first place? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I Say. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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